Tag Archives: conlang

Work of the Week #34

The making of a proto-tongue…:

>First, use an actual proto-tongue as a guide! (in this case, Proto-Indo-European)

>Second, select some sound and word “rules” to make the proto-tongue sound more unique.

>Third, use a script that’s based on a real-world, ancient script that hasn’t been used in thousands of years (in this case, Brahmi; see Freemen flag…).

Mortal 7

freemen flag

Work of the Week #27

A compendium of some of the more “intriguing” scripts of the outermost regions of the Universe…:


The Shipbuilders were long considered the master starship makers of the outermost areas.  Their script is written with superconducting ink onto metallic surfaces, so that the commands written are carried out automatically (like the Digimon script).

The Gatebuilders were renowned for their portal-making prowess in the Universe.  The most infamous example of their mastery is the Gateway (Work of the Week #5) for which their script has been put to full use.  They have constructed a number of other portals, though….  (‘r’ = /tl/, ‘z’ = /zh/, ‘y’ = /ə/)

The Worldbuilders make whole planets instead of ships.  Of all the races represented here, the Worldbuilders are the only ones still around.  Their script works much like the Shipbuilders’; conjugation works like the Semimortals’ script.  (‘x’ = /kh/, ‘c’ = /ch/, ‘j’ = /sh/, ‘rg’ = /tl/, ‘ry’ = /ll/, ‘ɪ’ = /ə/)

The Azhseg Derelict is the ancient ship that the Alien Azhseg acquired in the Worldbuilders Realm.  It’s script is based on the I Ching code (which in turn based the binary code our electronics use today).  Each “6-bit” character corresponds to a number, as well as a letter and word; alone each character means a number, as a ring it means a string of letters (forming a word), and as a word it’ll be surrounded by a ring or rings of characters.  The ship looks something along the lines of this:  http://t12.deviantart.net/kKL-0q1yPG4nz5VX7KHlq4Jaml8=/fit-in/700×350/filters:fixed_height(100,100):origin()/pre10/3ffa/th/pre/i/2009/243/e/c/derelict_by_vmulligan.jpg

The Azhseg Railgun is an ancient and powerful handheld weapon also owned by Azhseg in the book.  Its script is taken from this:  http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/imagenes_aliens/vidaalien54_09.jpg ~ The weapon itself is powered by the wielder’s power; the more power it siphons, the more powerful its shots.  The weapon looks something along the lines of this:  http://t11.deviantart.net/jl2FQgwKwrPwJ0npeDubozJTBao=/fit-in/700×350/filters:fixed_height(100,100):origin()/pre12/2262/th/pre/i/2014/133/b/b/lava_gun__gateway__by_aliennate89-d7i712n.jpg

The Star-Forger is an automaton in the form of a spaceship; its creators are uncertain, and its duty is solely to make new stars.  Its script is based on the 4-nucleotide RNA/DNA code; the script is conjugated in triplets, mimicking the codon code for encoding proteins.  The Derelict Ship script and this one are built in a very similar manner….

The Universal Library is another automaton, built by a different, long-extinct race.  Its duty is to observe and record every single event that ever occurs in the Universe, throughout the Universe’s existence.  The script (that writes itself upon the Library’s walls) is taken from Cuneiform, and has an alphabetic form alongside a great number of logographic symbols.  The Library itself looks something along the lines of this:  http://t01.deviantart.net/_Rpgm7vQMxpN6ckcznouwIZYuHs=/300×200/filters:fixed_height(100,100):origin()/pre11/c58c/th/pre/f/2011/342/7/5/time_0_by_elreviae-d4iidsc.jpg

The Script of the Fifteen Temples has only one surviving instance:  A piece of parchment containing the names of the fifteen temples created by the Old Ones (and implied by the Old Ones Stela).  However, as the script is completely logographic, the temples listed are largely unknown.  The script itself is taken from the Aztec script….

**I do not own the images I link to!  They merely serve as visual aids for the specific objects I refer to here (expect only a partially similar image of such things to occur in the book!)**


Pathallea: The Basics of Thoul, part 4.

Other, “radical” forms:

Of (to/from) = eg(-)      /comparative adjective/ = -ner-    /superlative…/ = -ser-       /inverted comparative (lesser)/ = -nor-     /superlative… (least)/ = -sor-

However = dedek      Ago = de      Ado = ghe    That = deck     Such = dock

Behold = dack      Lo = duck      Alas = dyck      (a) Lot = mer      Re- = si-

(to) Make = sei      /past/ = hoi      /present/ = hio      /future/ = hei

Rather = gwarr      Rather than = gwarreck      Meanwhile/while = gheck/ghock

Some…:  something = omkiff, somebody = omsharr, sometime = omyarr.

*copula-like normal verbs*

To give = yillei, to take = yellei, to bring = illei, to buy = ellei, to begin = yilklei, to finish = yelklei.

Sentence Formation:

Simple sentence (Indicative form):  I ran home = laeo lik larua, or, laeoes larua.

Complex sentence:  I ran home because of (the) monsterslaeoes larua gegek (kif) rygarkia.

Compound sentence:  I ran home because I was scaredlaeoes larua gegek rygeues.

Compound-complex sentence:  I ran home because I was scared of the monsterslaeoes larua gegek rygeues egrygarkia.

Interrogative (question) form #1:  I did run home. >> Did I run home? = kloilaees larua. >> kloilaeesai larua?

Interrogative form #2 (for interrog./relative particles):  What to do…. >> What to do…? = sar ioklei…. >> sara ioklei?

Imperative forms (commands/interjections):  You there!  Hey!  What?! >> oray lirr!  hay!  sare?!

Linking verbs:  I do go, I can go, I did go, I could go, I don’t go, I can’t go >> kleileies, leiklioes, kleioleies, leikloies, ikleileies, leiiklioes.  I will be going, I would be going, I can be gone, I can’t be gone >> leiosesei, leiosesea, egleiesklioes, eghleiesklioes.

Sample Sentence(s):

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Nees abreykariya freiorya niks dreiorya il freiokiah niks dreiokiaa.  Nekaneesekio pha hydieria niks hykieria niks vaeylia yil eya orraya il phurra egkarnyadra.  (Dallia eya eg kof Mordeanilorrendriya Breykaridreiokiya)

War is peace.  Freedom is slavery.  Ignorance is strength.

Rickea ryckeio.  Froioudra freioudrio.  Kathida gathidio.

**this concludes part 4!**


Pathallea: The Basics of Thoul, part 3.

The Nouns:

The base form of Thoul nouns is always just the word itself ~ ex, thal = water.  This base form is used when the noun is singular and the subject of a sentence.

If the singular noun is the object (ie, is the predicate noun, instead of subject), then add an -a to the noun ~ ex, thala = the water.

The singular possessive form is created by adding -i ~ ex, thali = (the) water’s.

Thoul has a fourth conjugation that English does not, to conjugate the direct object ~ ex, egthal = (to/from/of) the water.

The plural forms go thus:

Subject = -a (thala = waters), object = -ia (thalia = the waters), possessive = -is (thalis = the waters’), dative (direct object) = (egthala = to/from/of the waters).


thal, thala, thali, egthal; thala, thalia, thalis, egthala.

*There are no real exceptions to this noun paradigm*

The Adjectives/Adverbs:

Adjectives append to the noun they are modifying; the adverbs that modify a single word append similarly; adverbs that modify more than one word stand alone, but are placed beside the words they intend to modify.

All modifiers are given the special affix -ya, which appends to the end of the word being modified (in the case of multi-word modifiers, -ya appends to the modifier itself).

The big dog = kif ligarksya.

“Dog-piling”:  In Thoul, if a word is being modified by more than one adjective/adverb these modifiers “dog-pile” onto the word in a chain-like fashion.

The big, old, hairy dog = kif ligiyoliruckearksya.

Note, in the above example, that only the modifier closest to the “dog-piled” word conjugates like a typical modifier (with -ya coming after the word); the modifiers that come before have their -ya appended directly to themselves in the form of -i-.

In the case of stand-alone modifiers…:

We fight as oneryckis ok eya.

The Verbs:

Thoul verbs have two primary paradigms:  The regular verb paradigm; the copulative verb paradigm.

The Regular Verbs:

Infinitive… To feed = ioune, feeding (participle) = uneos, feeding (gerund) = uneas, fed (participle) = unees.

Active… (I) feed = une, (I) fed = uneo, (I) will feed = unei, (if I) feed = unea, (if I) fed = uneou, (if I) will feed = uneia, not feed = iune, not fed = iuneo, will not feed = iunei, if not feed = iunea, if not fed = iuneou, if will not feed = iuneia.

Passive… Is fed = unee, was fed = uneu, shall be fed = unea, (if) is fed = uneae, (if) was fed = uneue, (if) shall be fed = uneie, is not fed = iunee, was not fed = iuneu, shall not be fed = iunea, (if) is not fed = iuneae, (if) was not fed = iuneue, (if) shall not be fed = iuneie.

Causative… To be fed = ioegune, be fed = egune, shall be fed = agune, should be fed = ogune, not to be fed = iomegune, not be fed = eghune, shall not be fed = aghune, should not be fed = oghune.

The Copulative (to be) Verbs:

To be = nio, being (partic.) = nos, being (gerund.) = nas, been (partic.) = nes, to not be = mio.

(I am) = -io, (I was) = -oi, (I will be) = -ei, (I were (is)) = -ia, (I were (was)) = -oa, (I would be) = –ea, (I am not) = –mio, (I was not) = -moi, (I will not) = -mei, (I were (is) not) = -mia, (I were (was) not) = -moa, (I would not) = -mea.

Pass.Pres. = -uo, Pass.Past. = -ui, Pass.Fut. = -ue, Pass.Pres.Subj. = -ua, Pass.Past.Subj. = -uu, Pass.Fut.Subj. = -uo, Pass.Pres.Neg. = -muo, Pass.Past.Neg. = -mui, Pass.Fut.Neg. = -mue, Pass.Pres.Subj.Neg. = -mua, Pass.Past.Subj.Neg. = -muu, Pass.Fut.Subj.Neg. = -muo.

*Copulative verbs have no causative forms*

**Complete list of copulative verbs in Thoul:  nio = to be, vio = must, lio = shall, klio = can, ionei = will, iovei = to have, iolei = to go, ioklei = to do**


Shall = iolio, (I) shall = -lio, (I) should (past) = -loi, (I) shall be = -lei, (I) should (subj.) = -lia, -loa, -lea.  Neg. = -ilio, -iloi, -ilei, -ilia, -iloa, -ilea….


To go = iolei, going (partic.) = leios, going (gerund.) = leias, gone (partic.) = leies.

Active = lei, leio, leie, leia, leiu, leii, ilei, ileio, ileie, ileia, ileiu, ileii.

Passive = leiuo, leiui, leiue, leiua, leiuu, leiuo, leimuo, leimui, leimue, leimua, leimuu, leimuo.

And that wraps up Part 3!  This ain’t finished yet… stay tuned!


Work of the Week #23

This week’s conlang fix comes with some courtesy help from “gen” – a conlang vocabulary creator that can be found here:  http://zompist.com/gen.html

How to work “gen”:  1 ~ tell it what letters you want it to use (“Categories” box, under C, R, V, etc.).  2 ~ will there be any “Rewrite Rules” (Are any sounds changing?  Can be left blank)?  3 ~ flesh out word-forms (“Syllable types” – CV, CRV, CVCV, RV, etc…).  Other things one can mess with include how many syllables a word can have (Monosyllables) and how the results are to be spat-out (Output type).

Check out the owner’s master-site as well:  http://zompist.com/


Sticking to Pathallea-related stuff again…, this week concerns the “Furries” and their interesting language of clicks, odd sound clusters, and seemingly endless word classes.

Here’s the document:  furries



Work of the Week #21

Related to what “Work of the Week #20” was about, there’s a type of script that’s similar to what Fantasium‘s Aliens use but, in a way, is more well-known (particularly to those who dabble in fantasy).

What I’m referring to here is the script used to encode some kind of magical and/or wizarding language.  Good examples can be found in World of Warcraft and League of Legends.  Below is an example from The Mortal Instruments series:

Image result for wizarding runes


A similar thing exists in Fantasium, except in this instance a number of languages/scripts exist to account for the number of different magical beings that are around.

Example:  The Semimortals….

Like all magical races in Fantasium, the Semimortals have two working tongues; first is equivalent to “Mundane” (Mortal Instruments equivalent to a “Muggle”) speech, which is used for non-magical language needs; second is the “Magical” tongue, which is used solely to cast spells and what-not.

Semimortal “Mundane” tongue (no specific script as of yet…):


Semimortal “Magical” tongue (no specific grammar as of yet…):






Pathallea: The Basics of Thoul, part 2.

Other Pronoun Forms:

Where = larr            There = lirr               Here = lurr

When = yarr            Then = yirr                If = yurr                   Now = yorr

Whence = warr        Thence = wirr           Hence = wurr

Wherefor = sharr     Therefor = shirr        Herefor = shurr       How come = sherr

Which = theks         Whether = thoks

>>”Wherefor” = “Why”; “Herefor” = “How.”


To = yil                     From = yel             Near = yilk            Away = yelk

In = il                        Out = el                  Inside = ilk           Outside = elk

On = ik                     Off = ek                  Upon = ic             Off of = ec

Up = ber                   Down = bor            Over = berk         Under = bork

Before = beri            After = bori             In front = berik     Behind = borik

Within = ilpha           Without = elpha      With = pha

Through = phik           Across = phuk          Along = phak         At = yeck

Beside = thik               Between = thuk       Among = thak        Beyond = yock


And = niks                Or = nuks               Either = uks

Neither = huks          Nor = muks            For = rok             Against = rek

And/or = meks          And not = miks

So = aks                   Yet = eks                But = oks


Because = gegek      For = ge                  Other = ora          Another = orra

Thus = thiks              Rather = thuks       Though = thaks    Than = theck    Same = thack

As = ock                    Like = eck        Unlike = meck           As () as = ok-()-k

All = a          Many = um            Some = om           Few = em            None = im

Always = am         Any = eh        Few = mum          Much = u        Every = mam

More = ner           Most = ser          Ever = ker     Never = iker       Even = kerk

Although = gedeg    Almost = gekeg      Altogether = gedek     Also = gek

Since = phiks         Thorough = phigik      Well = phuk     Again = phis        About = phus

>>The above prepositions, conjunctions, and adverbs are arranged according to word similarities; not so much according to their actual semantic value (although that is still mostly the case).  For example, ‘because’ is not an adverb, but conjugates like one (due to it deriving from ‘of’).


Thoul numbers are easily conjugated, and thus overall more on the boring side of things…

0 = ih                0th = ihkya                   (ihtya)                          11 = eshe

1 = e               1st = ekya                  Once = etya              12 = eshes

2 = es               2nd = eskya                 Twice = estya             13 = esher

3 = er                3rd = erkya                  Thrice = ertya             20 = esesh

4 = em              4th = emkya                 (emtya)                        30 = eresh

5 = ey               5th = eykya                  (eytya)                         100 = ash

6 = eye           6th = eyekya              (eyetya)                     1,000 = ath

7 = eyes           7th = eyeskya              (eyestya)                     1,000,000 = ay

8 = eyer            8th = eyerkya              (eyertya)

9 = eyem           9th = eyemkya             (eyemtya)

10 = esh            10th = eshkya              (eshtya)

Half = ecesa                         Three-quarter = ercema

Third = ecera                        Two-third = escera

Quarter = ecema                  Three-half = ercesa

Fifth = eceya                        Four-third = emcera

Sixth = eceyea

Seventh = eceyesa

Eighth = eceyera

Ninth = eceyema

Tenth = ecesha

AND THAT CONCLUDES PART TWO!  More on Thoul grammar to come, eventually…