All posts by boteotu


University is in full swing, and with this new work-load you’ve certainly noticed my sheer lack of activity here.

That’ll continue for, I think, at least another month.

In other news, Pathallea‘s about ready to see a professional editor.  Someone who edits sci-fi/fantasy novels is best.

Anyone of such profession out there in the World?  If so, then I’d like to hear from you!



Pathallea: the Basics of Thoul.

Thouldaara is the language spoken by the Breykarian humans of Pathallea…

It means, roughly, ‘(it is) spoken (and) written’.  Thoul = ‘to speak (aloud or as words)’; Daar = ‘to write (in a book or on stone)’.

With respect to us here on Earth, ‘Thoul’ is what’s known as a ‘conlang’ — which is short for ‘constructed language’, and is simply a language that has been created by someone out of thin-air, basically.

For example, ‘Klingon’ is a conlang, and so is the Na’vi language of Cameron’s Avatar.

Here are the Thoul basics:


The Thoul consonants are:

/d/  /t/  /th/  /ts/*; th as in thing.

/b/  /p/  /ph/  /f/  /v/; ph as in phantom.

/g, gh/  /k, ck/  /c/  /h/  /ks/; gh as in ghost, ck as in chick, c either as in camp or in cease (depending on nearby vowels).

/gw/ — usually the ‘w’ isn’t pronounced…

/m/  /n/  /ng/  /ny/*

/s, ss/  /z/  /sh/  /ch/*; ch as in chirp.

/r, rr/  /rh, rrh/  /l, ll/  /w/  /y/  /wh/*; rh = rrh is a trill, wh as in what.

‘*’ denotes consonants found only in onomatopoeic words and/or loanwords.

Thoul vowels:

/a/  /e/  /i/  /o/  /u/  /y/*

/ae/  /ai, ay/  /au, aw/

/ei, ey/  /eu, ew/  /ea/

/oa/  /oe/  /ou, ow/  /oy/

/ie, iy/


/aa/  /ee/  /ii/  /oo/  /uu/  /yy/

*’y’ in Thoul is a semi-vowel; ie, it is used, as in English, as a vowel and a consonant.

Pronunciation of vowels is tricky, because they’re as pinned-down as they are in English.  For the most part, vowels are pronounced exactly as they are when they show up in most English words.

‘rr’ is a long-form of ‘r’; same with ‘ll’ for ‘l’, ‘ck’ for ‘k’, and ‘ss’ for ‘s’.

Thoul has VERY FEW ‘silent’ letters…


Thoul has two ‘kinds’ of pronouns — ‘independent’ and ‘suffix’.

Independent (are stand-alone):

I = lik               We = licka             Thou (masc) = or     Thou (fem) = oar           Ye = orra

Me = lika         Us = lickia             Thee (m) = ora         Thee (f) = oara              You = orria

My = liki           Our = licki             Thy (m) = ori             Thy (f) = oari                Your = orri

Mine = likes     Ours = lickes         Thine (m) = ores      Thine (f) = oares          Yours = orres

To me = eglik   To us = eglick       To thee (m) = egor  To thee (f) = egoar       To you = egorr

He = karr                She = darr              It = narr                  They = kiff

Him = karra            Her = darra             It = narra                Them = kiffa

His = karri               Her = darri              Its = narri               Their = kiffi

His = karres           Hers = darres          Its = narres            Theirs = kiffes

To him = egkarr     To her = egdarr      To it = egnarr         To them = egkiff

Who = sarr             Whom = sarra         Whose = sarri

What = sar             What = sara            Whose = sari

That/the = kif       Those = kifa

This = kuf              These = kufa

The (only for names, titles) = kof

Self = sap


Suffix (variants of the Independent forms that attach to the ends of words):

I = -es                  We = -is             Thou (masc) = –or      Thou (fem) = –ar       Ye = –orr

Me = -esa            Us = -isa            Thee (m) = –ora          Thee (f) = –ara         You = –orra

My = -es              Our = -isi            Thy (m) = –ori             Thy (f) = –ari             Your = –orri

Mine = -eses       Ours = -ises       Thine (m) = –ores       Thine (f) = –ares      Yours = –orres

To me = -eges     To us = -egis     To thee (m) = –egor   To thee (f) = –egar   To you = –egorr

He = -ak                She = -ad               It = -an                     They = -ek

Him = -aka            Her = -ada              It = -ana                   Them = -eka

His = -aki               Her = -adi              Its = -ani                   Their = -eki

His = -akes           Hers = -ades          Its = -anes                Theirs = -ekes

To him = -egak     To her = -egad      To it = -egan             To them = -egek

Self = -(s)ap

That’ll be it for now, on Thoul, since this post is long enough already.  More to come on it in future posts!

Have a conlang?  Why not share some of it!  Do a post on it, and link this one to it, so others can check it out, too.

Let’s share some lesser-known sci-fi/fantasy novels!

This is a tag…   A tag that I just made-up; because I can.

Feel free to take part, on your own blog.

Let’s do this!


Obscure/lesser-known sci-fi/fantasy books you’ve read:

... view a larger cover image of "Aliens Ate My Homework" by Bruce Covilleselection of The Magic Tree house Booksfrom the fair in the mid 80s were bunnicula by james howe

>Aliens Ate My Homework is one of a number of books on the same theme.  Came across this book by chance at a yard sale, as a kid.  Read it and loved it.  The book title says it all — aliens, miniaturized at-first, come and suddenly start devouring a young boy’s science project (a papier-mache volcano).

>The Magic Treehouse is basically ‘Dr. Who’ and ‘Magic School Bus’ combined.  Also an extensive book-series I found by chance as a kid; this time inside my local library.  The treehouse in question is one that a brother and sister find while playing in the woods behind their house, and they find that it can take them places when they open a book kept within and wish to go there.  I was literally addicted to this series as a child.

>Bunnicula was a book-project novel one of my years in Elementary School.  It’s cute; from the perspective of house-pets that suddenly take on another — in this case, a rabbit.  Usually book-project novels aren’t very likable, but this one’s an exception.

Obscure/lesser-known books you’re currently reading:

The Rise of Ransom City by Felix GilmanThe Windup Girl

>The Rise of Ransom City is a sci-fi/fantasy book about a character named Harry Ransom, who, after a lifetime of prodigious accomplishment, decides to do one last great thing — create a utopian-like city.  The book documents the series of events that led to this feat.  Just started reading it; liking it so far.

>The Windup Girl I just finished reading.  It takes place in a future Earth where fossil fuels have run out, and calories have become the new cash.  It’s set in Thailand, and the way chapters are divided in this book has become inspiration for the division of chapters in my own book-to-be: Pathallea.

Obscure/lesser-known books you’d like to read:

Expedition book coverTop Ten Tuesdays – Covers I Wish I Could Redesign

>Expedition is a most interesting book…  It tells of an expedition by a crew of astronauts to a recently-discovered system called ‘Darwin’; specifically, to an inhabited world called ‘Darwin IV’.  All the aliens and scenery in the book were drawn by the author himself — and it’s the inspiration for a coming book of my own about an alien planet that I created.

>Partials is the first book in a series about a dystopic future wherein a virus has decimated humanity, while they battle engineered, human-like beings called ‘Partials’ for control of what’s left.  I’m looking forward to reading this series.


Look interesting?  Why not give the books a look!  And while you’re at it, why not take part in this tag yourself; tell us about some neat, uncommon sci-fi/fantasy books you’ve come across!



Pathallea: The Players.

More detail on the races found in the book…:

Pathallea map

>Breykara/Breiokara:  Thoul for ‘human’ (Breykar is the name used by Orimaran humans; Breiokar the term used by Oramidran humans; in Koie, the term is Seodikar, which means ‘men of the borderlands’); more literally, ‘tool-wielding man/men’.  Their technology and knowledge is comparable to Earthly humans at the turn of the 20th century.

>Other humans living in Pathallea:  Dreybra; the dark-skinned, hunter-gatherer peoples of the southern Koie islands.  Koie was once the land of a Yoleukar/Alka hybrid, and is responsible for the present natives’ Atiatwa language variant.  The humans of Breykaria think now that these aborigines came up from the southern-most reaches of Koie, after the first Great War that occurred a thousand years prior.  Dreykara, Lykara, and Sidiyokara; the dark-skinned inhabitants of the Piaromea archipelago.  They are also hunter-gatherer peoples, but while the Dreybra have a largely unified tongue, these peoples have literally dozens; most of which are confined to the tribes that speak them.

>Yoleukara:  The true Thoul meaning for this race has long since been lost to Time — as ‘yoleu’ can mean either ‘friendly’ or ‘primordial’ in modern Thoul.  Each is equally fitting.  They are a tall, four-armed race known in myth as being the very first race on Pathallea.  Despite levelling-off, technologically, over the past millenia, while the Slenka have been advancing, the Yoleukara are still the most advanced beings alive.

>Alka:  Two-armed beings related to the Yoleukara and Slenka.  Despite receiving much interaction and trade with the Yoleukara, the Alka have almost always been considered as third-most advanced, with the Slenka coming in second.  Like the Yoleukara, the Alka are tall, strong, and with coloured skin.

>Slenka/Slenkara:  ‘Slenkara’ means literally, ‘the evil/sickly ones’; ‘Slenka’ is an oft-used, shortened version of ‘Slenkara’.  Like the Yoleukara, the Slenka possess four arms and mono-toned skin.  They are the creators of a grizzly technology called the ‘Gwyva’ by humans… they are shaped like needles, work like a ‘hive-mind’, and spells death-of-mind for any living thing unfortunate to have touched it.  First used during the first Great War that they spawned, it also comes to play a central role in their resurgence a thousand years later.

>Rycka:  The stunted, odd-looking beasts that inhabited Ile Kyira before the Slenka moved in thousands of years ago.  Like the Yoleukara and Slenka, they speak an ‘Atwa language, and they have four strong arms.  They were the subjects of the Slenkan ‘Gwyva’ before the first Great War erupted.

>Other beings found in the book:  Gwyvida; in Thoul translates as ‘gynoid’ (the male counterpart is Gwykara, or, ‘android’).  Gwyvida and Gwykara are beings of artificial intelligence that otherwise look like a natural being — their irises give them away, as they are always unnatural-looking.  Typically they take the form of a Yoleukar or Alka, but human forms have also been designed.  ‘Furries’; stout, hairy beings that live on Payolla.  They are comparable to ‘cave-men’, and they speak a complex click-language.  ‘Yolu-human’ hybrids; interbreeding between a human and a four-armed being will result in a hybrid being that looks human but is strong and possesses four arms.  Three such beings are known of during the course of the book, including its main character.

>Unknown races…:  The southern-most areas of the Piaromea and Koie chains are as yet unexplored and thus wholly unknown to most of the peoples of Pathallea.  What lies in these parts is, for the most part, a total mystery…

Sound intriguing…?  Hope so!  If so, then please stick around for more to come in the following days and weeks, with respect to this book.

More on the characters and the languages of Pathallea soon enough!  Sci-fi/fantasy authors — what races/beings are in your novel(s)?  What are they like?  Feel free to share!


Is This Life?

Amazing post! I’m sharing! 🙂
Anyway.. I’ve found that depression and bullying are equally misunderstood and equally unnoticed phenomena — and they can often afflict a person at the same time. That was certainly the case with me, growing up.
For me, it certainly wasn’t about wanting sympathy for my depression(s) — indeed, I often said “I’m fine” when I wasn’t specifically to avoid it. What I wanted was a ‘way out’. A friend, usually. I gather that’s what most depressed people want; which is why suicide is always a possibility with the worst-affected.
It’s the same, largely, with bullying. The best thing to do for a victim of bullying is to give them a way out of it — getting the bully to stop is best, whether by empowering the victim to make them stop or by standing up to them yourself.


At 10 when I told them I was depressed;

They thought I just looked that word up in a dictionary and only trying to use it in a sentence.

At 13 when I told them I was depressed;

All I received were strange and weird looks and awkward stares.

At 16 when I told them I was depressed;

They told me I was just a kid and I shouldn’t worry about things a lot.

Now at 18 when I tell them I’m depressed;

All they tell me is, “Giving up already? You have a very long way to go. Look at me, in spite of all my problems, I ain’t wailing around like you do.”

A close friend of mine once said, “No two people can have the same set of problems. Hence, problems cannot be compared.” When he told me this, it seemed to be an utterly meaningless sentence…

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