Pathallea: the Basics of Thoul.

Thouldaara is the language spoken by the Breykarian humans of Pathallea…

It means, roughly, ‘(it is) spoken (and) written’.  Thoul = ‘to speak (aloud or as words)’; Daar = ‘to write (in a book or on stone)’.

With respect to us here on Earth, ‘Thoul’ is what’s known as a ‘conlang’ — which is short for ‘constructed language’, and is simply a language that has been created by someone out of thin-air, basically.

For example, ‘Klingon’ is a conlang, and so is the Na’vi language of Cameron’s Avatar.

Here are the Thoul basics:

LETTERS & SOUNDS.

The Thoul consonants are:

/d/  /t/  /th/  /ts/*; th as in thing.

/b/  /p/  /ph/  /f/  /v/; ph as in phantom.

/g, gh/  /k, ck/  /c/  /h/  /ks/; gh as in ghost, ck as in chick, c either as in camp or in cease (depending on nearby vowels).

/gw/ — usually the ‘w’ isn’t pronounced…

/m/  /n/  /ng/  /ny/*

/s, ss/  /z/  /sh/  /ch/*; ch as in chirp.

/r, rr/  /rh, rrh/  /l, ll/  /w/  /y/  /wh/*; rh = rrh is a trill, wh as in what.

‘*’ denotes consonants found only in onomatopoeic words and/or loanwords.

Thoul vowels:

/a/  /e/  /i/  /o/  /u/  /y/*

/ae/  /ai, ay/  /au, aw/

/ei, ey/  /eu, ew/  /ea/

/oa/  /oe/  /ou, ow/  /oy/

/ie, iy/

/ue/

/aa/  /ee/  /ii/  /oo/  /uu/  /yy/

*’y’ in Thoul is a semi-vowel; ie, it is used, as in English, as a vowel and a consonant.

Pronunciation of vowels is tricky, because they’re as pinned-down as they are in English.  For the most part, vowels are pronounced exactly as they are when they show up in most English words.

‘rr’ is a long-form of ‘r’; same with ‘ll’ for ‘l’, ‘ck’ for ‘k’, and ‘ss’ for ‘s’.

Thoul has VERY FEW ‘silent’ letters…

PRONOUNS.

Thoul has two ‘kinds’ of pronouns — ‘independent’ and ‘suffix’.

Independent (are stand-alone):

I = lik               We = licka             Thou (masc) = or     Thou (fem) = oar           Ye = orra

Me = lika         Us = lickia             Thee (m) = ora         Thee (f) = oara              You = orria

My = liki           Our = licki             Thy (m) = ori             Thy (f) = oari                Your = orri

Mine = likes     Ours = lickes         Thine (m) = ores      Thine (f) = oares          Yours = orres

To me = eglik   To us = eglick       To thee (m) = egor  To thee (f) = egoar       To you = egorr

He = karr                She = darr              It = narr                  They = kiff

Him = karra            Her = darra             It = narra                Them = kiffa

His = karri               Her = darri              Its = narri               Their = kiffi

His = karres           Hers = darres          Its = narres            Theirs = kiffes

To him = egkarr     To her = egdarr      To it = egnarr         To them = egkiff

Who = sarr             Whom = sarra         Whose = sarri

What = sar             What = sara            Whose = sari

That/the = kif       Those = kifa

This = kuf              These = kufa

The (only for names, titles) = kof

Self = sap

 

Suffix (variants of the Independent forms that attach to the ends of words):

I = -es                  We = -is             Thou (masc) = –or      Thou (fem) = –ar       Ye = –orr

Me = -esa            Us = -isa            Thee (m) = –ora          Thee (f) = –ara         You = –orra

My = -es              Our = -isi            Thy (m) = –ori             Thy (f) = –ari             Your = –orri

Mine = -eses       Ours = -ises       Thine (m) = –ores       Thine (f) = –ares      Yours = –orres

To me = -eges     To us = -egis     To thee (m) = –egor   To thee (f) = –egar   To you = –egorr

He = -ak                She = -ad               It = -an                     They = -ek

Him = -aka            Her = -ada              It = -ana                   Them = -eka

His = -aki               Her = -adi              Its = -ani                   Their = -eki

His = -akes           Hers = -ades          Its = -anes                Theirs = -ekes

To him = -egak     To her = -egad      To it = -egan             To them = -egek

Self = -(s)ap

That’ll be it for now, on Thoul, since this post is long enough already.  More to come on it in future posts!

Have a conlang?  Why not share some of it!  Do a post on it, and link this one to it, so others can check it out, too.

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