Thouldaara is the language spoken by the Breykarian humans of Pathallea…
It means, roughly, ‘(it is) spoken (and) written’. Thoul = ‘to speak (aloud or as words)’; Daar = ‘to write (in a book or on stone)’.
With respect to us here on Earth, ‘Thoul’ is what’s known as a ‘conlang’ — which is short for ‘constructed language’, and is simply a language that has been created by someone out of thin-air, basically.
For example, ‘Klingon’ is a conlang, and so is the Na’vi language of Cameron’s Avatar.
Here are the Thoul basics:
LETTERS & SOUNDS.
The Thoul consonants are:
/d/ /t/ /th/ /ts/*; th as in thing.
/b/ /p/ /ph/ /f/ /v/; ph as in phantom.
/g, gh/ /k, ck/ /c/ /h/ /ks/; gh as in ghost, ck as in chick, c either as in camp or in cease (depending on nearby vowels).
/gw/ — usually the ‘w’ isn’t pronounced…
/m/ /n/ /ng/ /ny/*
/s, ss/ /z/ /sh/ /ch/*; ch as in chirp.
/r, rr/ /rh, rrh/ /l, ll/ /w/ /y/ /wh/*; rh = rrh is a trill, wh as in what.
‘*’ denotes consonants found only in onomatopoeic words and/or loanwords.
/a/ /e/ /i/ /o/ /u/ /y/*
/ae/ /ai, ay/ /au, aw/
/ei, ey/ /eu, ew/ /ea/
/oa/ /oe/ /ou, ow/ /oy/
/aa/ /ee/ /ii/ /oo/ /uu/ /yy/
*’y’ in Thoul is a semi-vowel; ie, it is used, as in English, as a vowel and a consonant.
Pronunciation of vowels is tricky, because they’re as pinned-down as they are in English. For the most part, vowels are pronounced exactly as they are when they show up in most English words.
‘rr’ is a long-form of ‘r’; same with ‘ll’ for ‘l’, ‘ck’ for ‘k’, and ‘ss’ for ‘s’.
Thoul has VERY FEW ‘silent’ letters…
Thoul has two ‘kinds’ of pronouns — ‘independent’ and ‘suffix’.
Independent (are stand-alone):
I = lik We = licka Thou (masc) = or Thou (fem) = oar Ye = orra
Me = lika Us = lickia Thee (m) = ora Thee (f) = oara You = orria
My = liki Our = licki Thy (m) = ori Thy (f) = oari Your = orri
Mine = likes Ours = lickes Thine (m) = ores Thine (f) = oares Yours = orres
To me = eglik To us = eglick To thee (m) = egor To thee (f) = egoar To you = egorr
He = karr She = darr It = narr They = kiff
Him = karra Her = darra It = narra Them = kiffa
His = karri Her = darri Its = narri Their = kiffi
His = karres Hers = darres Its = narres Theirs = kiffes
To him = egkarr To her = egdarr To it = egnarr To them = egkiff
Who = sarr Whom = sarra Whose = sarri
What = sar What = sara Whose = sari
That/the = kif Those = kifa
This = kuf These = kufa
The (only for names, titles) = kof
Self = sap
Suffix (variants of the Independent forms that attach to the ends of words):
I = -es We = -is Thou (masc) = –or Thou (fem) = –ar Ye = –orr
Me = -esa Us = -isa Thee (m) = –ora Thee (f) = –ara You = –orra
My = -es Our = -isi Thy (m) = –ori Thy (f) = –ari Your = –orri
Mine = -eses Ours = -ises Thine (m) = –ores Thine (f) = –ares Yours = –orres
To me = -eges To us = -egis To thee (m) = –egor To thee (f) = –egar To you = –egorr
He = -ak She = -ad It = -an They = -ek
Him = -aka Her = -ada It = -ana Them = -eka
His = -aki Her = -adi Its = -ani Their = -eki
His = -akes Hers = -ades Its = -anes Theirs = -ekes
To him = -egak To her = -egad To it = -egan To them = -egek
Self = -(s)ap
That’ll be it for now, on Thoul, since this post is long enough already. More to come on it in future posts!
Have a conlang? Why not share some of it! Do a post on it, and link this one to it, so others can check it out, too.